James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York

The Student Model Microscope, c. 1871

The microscope of Dr. Randolph Winslow M.D. (1852-1937)

James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York. The Student Model Microscope, c. 1871 James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York. The Student Model Microscope, c. 1871
James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York. The Student Model Microscope, c. 1871

The microscope has a lacquered brass tube and knobs. The cast iron base, pillar, and limb are finished in black enamel.

focusing mechanism

As opposed to the normal rack and pinion, the tube focuses by turning the knobs to activate friction drive consisting of a metal cylinder which is forced, by means of a brass spring, against a grove cut within a brass bar attached to the tube.

James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York. The Student Model Microscope, c. 1871

The following was extracted from the 1870 Queen catalog:


James W. Queen & Co., Philadelphia and New York. The Student Model Microscope

1665. Queen's Student's Microscope. This stand has been designed and constructed by us especially to meet the wants of students and profesaional men, combining, with excellent workmanship, most of the advantages of the more elaborate instruments, at less than one-third of their cost. The very highest powers may be used with it perfectly. Its height is 14 inches. The base and arm are of iron, finished in ligbt-green bronze; whilst the body and all other parts are of brass of the very highest finish. The coarse adjustment is of an entirely novel construction, working with entire smoothness; fine adjustment by micrometer screw; movable glass stage, beneath which a tube is fitted for carrying the diaphragm and accessory illuminating apparatus; concave and plane mirrors, arranged for direct and oblique illumination, fitted with Society Screw. Price of stand with one eye-piece, draw-tube, two object glasses Number 0 {1 inch), and Number 0 (1/4 inch), giving powers from 60 to 250 diameters, condensing lens on separate stand, a glass slip, with ledge and ccovers, for the examination of objects in fluid, needles, stage forceps, and brass pliers, packed in a handsome polished walnut cabinet, with good lock and brass handles. Price...$65.00


Another example of the Queen Student's model is located in this collection.

An old typed paper label attached to the top of the case reads: "Microscope-1871. Courtesy of Dr. Edwards F. Winslow (Used by his father in his medical studies that time.)".

A genealogical search shows that a Dr. Randolph Winslow (1852-1937) had a son by the name of Edwards F. Winslow (1883-1973) who was also a physician. This and the fact, as stated in the biography below, that Randolph entered medical school in 1871, which coincides with the date on the label, makes it reasonable to conclude that the original owner of this microscope was Dr. Randolph Winslow, MD. Randolph was born in North Carolina and died in Baltimore Maryland. He practiced in Baltimore. He was a Professor of Surgery at the University of Maryland from 1902 to 1920, and a member and later President of the Southern Surgical Association. An archive collection concerning his work resides at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History

The following biography was extracted from Men of Mark in Maryland, Vol II, 1910:

DOCTOR RANDOLPH WINSLOW, of Baltimore, was born at Hertford, Perquimans county, North Carolina, October 23, 1852, son of Doctor Caleb and Jane (Parry) Winslow. His father was a physician of ability and standing. The family had been long settled in North Carolina. We find in 1774 as one of the representatives in the first Provincial Congress called in North Carolina, independent of the Provincial Governor, the name of Moses Winslow, which shows that in the South, as in the North, the Winslows in our Revolutionary period adhered to the patriots' side. There is a curious misconception about this family, the general opinion being that in America, at least, it is altogether a New England family. This is not borne out by the records, for, while the vast majority of the Winslows have been found in New England and date back to the early settlement of Massachusetts, the family was also known in Virginia and North Carolina in the early settlement of those colonies. The figures give some idea; thus, in 1790, there were 171 families of Winslows in the United States; of these, 143 were in New England, and 76 in Massachusetts, but on that same date there were 4 families in Virginia and 18 in North Carolina. One thing, however, seems to be true of both branches; they belonged to that element in the population which we call Puritans.

Dr. Randolph Winslow (1852-1937)

Dr. Randolph Winslow (1852-1937)

According to the family tradition, the North Carolina family derived its descent from the Massachusetts family, some members of the earlier generations having migrated south on account of the bitterness of religious feeling in Massachusetts. There is yet in possession of the family an old parchment bearing date of 1740 under which is conveyed to Jacob Winslow a large tract of land in Eastern North Carolina, and it is quite probable that this Jacob Winslow was one of the earlier immigrants from Massachusetts. The family is a very ancient one in England, under two forms, Winlow and Winslow. Its antiquity is proven by the fact that of four or five coats of arms granted, not one of them bears either crest or motto, a characteristic of very ancient coat armor.

As a boy, Doctor Winslow was a healthy youngster, his life being spent in a village where, after his seventh year, he was made to perform his share of household duties, for the Civil war coming on caused all of the negroes to run away and forced the white people to do all of their own work. He attended the local school, Hertford Academy, and later the Rugby Academy, in Baltimore. He then entered Haverford College, from which he was graduated in 1871, with the degree of A.B., the degree of A.M. being conferred in 1874, after an examination on the Pauline Epistles, in Greek, his being the first degree conferred by Haverford College for an examination. Doctor Winslow, having completed his academic course, entered the Medical Department of the University of Maryland in 1871, and was graduated in 1873, with the degree of M.D. In that same year, he took a special course in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and ten years later, in order to better equip himself and freshen up on all later discoveries, he went, in 1883, for postgraduate study to the renowned medical schools of Vienna, Austria. He began practice in 1873 in Baltimore, and early and promptly won recognition. The University of Maryland, from which he had graduated, promptly utilized his services, first, as an Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy, in which capacity he served from 1874 to 1880. In 1880 he became Demonstrator of Anatomy and served until 1886. From 1886 to 1891 he was Lecturer on Clinical Surgery. In 1891 he became Professor of Anatomy and Clinical Surgery, which post he filled until 1902, when he became Professor of Surgery, which chair he has filled up to the present time. He also served as Professor of Surgery in the Woman's Medical College from 1892 to 1893. He is now a recognized authority and a skillful operator. While not a maker of books, Doctor Winslow is the author of many excellent articles pertaining to medical subjects, which have appeared in medical journals. In religious faith, he is a member of the Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers. He is a member of the Baltimore Country Club and finds his favorite relaxation in playing cricket.

On December 12, 1877, Doctor Winslow married Miss Rebecca Fayssoux Leiper, daughter of John Chew and Mary Fayssoux Leiper. Of this marriage thirteen children have been born, of whom twelve are living. Like all other professional men of standing, he has done much reading, both along professional and other lines, but he places as the most valuable single work to him in all of his reading, " Gray's Anatomy." In looking back over the past, he is impressed that his choice of a vocation was largely due to heredity and environment, but in view of his eminent success as a surgeon, there must have been a large measure of natural aptitude and personal predilection, though even these may have been due to heredity. Doctor Winslow sums up his advice to young men desiring to win success in life in one word, "work." He might have added something to this, but it is certain that he could not have given a better foundation upon which to build.

Doctor Winslow holds membership in the American Medical Association, Southern Surgical and Gynecological Association, Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland, of which last named society he has been vice-president, and the various local medical and college associations. He is also a member of the University Club of Baltimore. He is Chief Surgeon of the University of Maryland, and is one of the visiting surgeons of the Hebrew Hospital, Consulting Surgeon at the Hospital for Crippled Children of Baltimore, Consulting Surgeon to General and Marine Hospital, Crisfield, Maryland, and Surgeon to Union Hospital, Elkton, Maryland. Doctor Winslow is a member of the North Carolina Society of Baltimore, of which he has been president. In recognition of his attainments, St. John's College, at Annapolis, on the celebration of its 125th anniversary in 1909, conferred upon Doctor Winslow the honorary degree of LL.D.

See also, MEMOIR-RANDOLPH WINSLOW 1852-1937, Shipley AM, Ann. Surg. 106(5), 955, 1937.

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