Two versions of the Gundlach-Yawman & Erbe Nonpareil model microscope, c. 1884
Left: signed on the upper tube Ernst Gundlach and the lower tube Yawman & Erbe, Rochester N. Y. Right: Signed Yawman & Erbe, Rochester N. Y. on the tube
It is presumed that the
example on the right is a later version of the
Nonpareil microscope since it has a number of
improvements among which are the addition of the
drawtube, the focusing mirror mounting, an auxiliary
glass stage with slide carrier, and a different casting
for the base having an elongated rear leg which,
presumably, results in improved stability when the
instrument is inclined.
The following text is taken from the 1886 advertisement above:
The Nonpareil Microscope
This instrument is designed to furnish a very complete microscope at a very low price. It is handsome and of good workmanship. The foot, pillar and arm are of iron, neatly japanned. The foot is a tripod of new design. The stand has a good rack and pinion, and micrometer screw adjustment. The latter is worked by a milled head on top of the pillar. The pillar has an Inclination joint which permits the body to come nearly to a horizontal position.
The stage is of brass, circular, and it allows the greatest obliquity of light. It has removable spring clips, and, as a part of it, a sub-stage ring of standard size to receive accessories, fitting into which there is a revolving diaphragm. The ring is slotted for oblique illumination. The stage is so constructed that it may be removed, and a glass stage with slide carrier put on in Its place.
The mirror-bar swings above the stage to any desired position, and it is graduated into five-degree spaces. It carries plane and concave mirrors, the latter being two Inches in diameter, and at the proper distance from the object in any position.
The stand has a large tube, but its proportions are not displeasing. The sliding part of the body, the mirror-bar, and the mirror-arm are nickle-plated. The edge and under-side of the stage are dead black, while the upper surface is polished. The stand is thirteen inches or more in height, when arranged for use, and is equipped with a one inch eye-piece, a 2/3 and one inch objective, giving magnifylng powers of 99 and 154 diameters.
After the termination of
his employment by Bausch & Lomb in 1878,
Gundlach, for a brief period, worked with Philip Yawman and Gustav
Erbe (also former employees of Bausch & Lomb) in
the production of microscopes. It is clear that it was
Gundlach who produced the optics, but it is less clear
which firm actually manufactured the stands. Yawman
& Erbe primarily were involved in the manufacture
of office furniture and manufactured microscopes for
only a very brief period in the early 1880's. While the
furniture produced by the firm is now rather common,
the microscopes are far less so. The early history of the Yawman &
Erbe firm has been documented.
As indicated in the two
separate advertisements shown above, both firms sold the same
model microscopes and as illustrated with the
microscope shown on the left above, some instruments
actually bear dual signatures.
The storage cases for these two microscope are identical as are the storage cases for some other Gundlach and Yawman & Erbe microscopes in this collection ( look here and here ).